When to plant vegetables

When to plant vegetables - Allotment sowing calendar, planting calendar, harvest calendar, Days sowing until germination, Days sowing until harvest, Minimum length in row, Sowing seeds

When to plant vegetables

This site is an aggregation of various sow dates for vegetables (this page), herbs and flowers. With these rough estimates it’s easy to know when to sow and/or plant vegetables. The guidelines are suitable for hardiness zone 8 which covers most U.S. coastal states. Below our tables you can find zone adjusment instructions.

1. Leaf and stem crops
2. Tuber and root crops
3. Onion crops
4. Cabbages
5. Legumes
6. Bleached crops
7. Fruit crops
 
Sowing under glass
 
Outside seeding / transplanting
 
Harvest
G = Days: sowing until germination
H = Days: sowing until harvest
In = Minimum length in row
 

Vegetable sowing & planting calendar

1. Leaf and stem crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Endive            159012
            
            
Artichoke            2018030
            
            
Cos lettuce            129010
            
            
Iceberg lettuce            127516
            
            
Cabbage lettuce            126512
            
            
Bittercress            149012
            
            
Mustard            4906
            
            
New Zealand spinach            3010016
            
            
Indian cress            148520
            
            
Purslane            3280
            
            
Rhubarb            836020
            
            
 JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Turnip tops            3353
            
            
Lettuce            106512
            
            
Chard            10708
            
            
Neep            101004
            
            
Romaine lettuce            15452
            
            
Spinach            10352
            
            
Asparagus lettuce            10608
            
            
Garden cress            3120,1
            
            
Corn salad            15752
            
            
Watercress            15508
            
            
Winter purslane            3300,2
            
            
2. Tuber and root crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Potato            2012016
            
            
Topinambour            1030016
            
            
Beetroot            15854
            
            
Celeriac            2026014
            
            
Turnip            1513514
            
            
Parsnip            1526012
            
            
Turnip            12704
            
            
Radish            10402
            
            
©When2Plant.comJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Black radish            10906
            
            
Salsify            152004
            
            
Carrot Winter Carrots            152408
            
            
Summer Carrots            152408
            
            
Hamburg root parsley            101304
            
            
Leek Summer harvest            201706
            
            
Autumn harvest            201706
            
            
Winter harvest            201706
            
            
3. Onion crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Tree onions            12906
            
            
Scallion            161006
            
            
Garlic            201806
            
            
Shallot            101304
            
            
Welsh onion            201701
            
            
Sowing onion            152202
            
            
Cutted union 1st yr.            152202
            
            
Cutted union 2nd yr.            152202
            
            
Winterunions            152202
            
            
Pearl onion            152202
            
            
4. Cabbages               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Kale            1016030
            
            
Cauliflower Early harvest            1517524
            
            
Summer harvest            1517524
            
            
Autumn harvest           .1517524
            
            
Winter harvest            1517524
            
            
Broccoli Summer harvest            810020
            
            
Winter harvest            810020
            
            
Napa cabbage            159012
            
            
Romanesco            1011024
            
            
Kohlrabi            88510
            
            
Chinese cabbage            109010
            
            
©When2Plant.comJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Red Cabbage Early harvest            1516020
            
            
Summer harvest            1516020
            
            
Autumn harvest            1516020
            
            
Cabbage Early harvest            1512020
            
            
Summer harvest            1512020
            
            
Autumn harvest            1512020
            
            
Winter harvest            1512020
            
            
Savoy cabbage Early harvest            1516024
            
            
Summer harvest            1516024
            
            
Autumn harvest            1516024
            
            
Winter harvest            1516024
            
            
Brussels sprout            1525024
            
            
5. Legumes               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Asparagus pea           .121202
            
            
Field Pea            10702
            
            
Pea            10702
            
            
Snow pea            10702
            
            
Runner bean            12902
            
            
Haricots verts            14704
            
            
©When2Plant.comJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Snap beans            14704
            
            
Green bean            14704
            
            
String bean            14704
            
            
Pole beans            14704
            
            
Pole haricot            14704
            
            
Broad bean            14704
            
            
6. Bleached crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Celery            1516014
            
            
Chicory            410012
            
            
Radicchio Autumn harvest            412010
            
            
Winter harvest            412010
            
            
Chicory roots            152804
            
            
7. Fruit crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Strawberry            2017014
            
            
Eggplant            409031
            
            
Gherkin            10906
            
            
Blue huckleberry           .4573030
           .
            
Wild strawberry           .***
           .
            
Bramble           .***
           .
            
Zucchini            109539
            
            
©When2Plant.comJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Red raspberry            ***
            
            
Cucumber            101006
            
            
Maize            1513016
            
            
Melon            1015012
            
            
Pumpkin            2014039
            
            
Black pepper            1518018
            
            
Sweet corn            1513016
            
            
Tomatoes            1013018
            
            
*Vegetative reproductionJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn

Poster

Vegetables, herbs & companion planting.

Find your hardiness zone

Hardiness zones are defined by a certain average annual minimum temperature, a factor relevant to the survival of many plants.

The tables above represent planting schedules for hardiness zone 8. As a rough estimate add or substract two weeks for every zone variation.

  • Hardiness zone 6: add 1 month
  • Hardiness zone 10: subtract 1 month

In other words, when you live in hardiness zone 6 wait an extra month before planting outside.

Canadian hardiness zones
Hardiness zone maps around the world

Check out plantmaps.com for hardiness zone maps around the world.

Advisable crops for:

Starters

Basil
Beans
Carrots
Garlic
Lettuce
Peas
Tomatoes

Kids

Radishes
Parsley
Kale
Potatoes
Sunflowers
Pumpkins
Zucchini
Watermelon

Partial shade

Beets
Garlic
Kale
Lettuce
Parsley
Parsnip
Radish
Peas
Rhubarb
Rucola
Spinach

Vegetable seeds & accessories

Other printed planting charts

Clyde's Garden Planner - Clyde's Vegetable Planting Slide Chart

$8.05    
(as of May 18, 2024 11:06 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Chart Provides Both Indoor and Outdoor Seeding Dates for 22 Commonly Grown Garden Veggies, (Chart Size = 51/8" x 81/2", 12 Point Cardstock Paper). Com... read more

Lehman's North America Spring Fall Garden Planner When to Plant and Harvest

$16.98    
(as of May 18, 2024 11:06 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Features spring garden planning on the front side and fall garden planning on the back Includes essential information for gardening, like planting dis... read more

Gardening Guides Poster for Edible Plants, Herbs, Flowers, Tees

   
(as of May 18, 2024 11:06 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Size: 24"x18" (rolled laminated) Guides to grow, Edible Pants, Herbs, Flowers, Trees, Shrubs USA Planting Zones Made/Printed: In U.S.A. 2023

Planting Knowledge Metal Tin Sign Crop Farmer Guide Chart Poster Gardening Farm Farmhouse Home Kitch...

$19.96 $16.00    
(as of May 18, 2024 11:06 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Approximate size:8x12 Inch(20x30cm),12x16 Inch(30x40cm),12x17 Inch(30x43cm) and 12x18 Inch(30x45.5cm). Made Of High-Quality Tin.Easy Install: The Four... read more

Allotment gardening:

germinating tomato plant when to plant
Germinating tomato plant

º Save money on fresh vegetables in the supermarket.
º Herb plantlets from the grocery often wither quickly, with home-growns you can harvest all year.
º Growing your own food is fun.
º Good way to stay healthy.
º Rediscover where your food comes from.

Tips for starting garden allotments:

º Do not compromise on the quality of soil. Poor-quality soil, or ordinary earth, often lead to disappointing results.
º Don’t forget to spade the ground, this is crucial to get a good harvest.
º Reposition your crops every year to prevent soil degradation and increase harvest.
º Don’t wait to long before weeding the weeds. After a period, the effort needed will multiple and crops won’t grow as good.
º Try to use a piece of your own garden first, before starting renting an allotment at an allotment association.
º When planning your vegetable garden try to think of crop rotation principles.
º Be aware of the shadow on your plot, and bear in mind the shift during the season.

Indoor crop growing

Indoors

vegetable allotment garden when to plant vegetables

You can also grow your crops indoors and suffer less from unfavorable climate situations. You could start with square foot gardening, this way it’s easy to get a start and have a nice and balanced crop variation. Of course you could also just use a flowerpot in front of the window.

Greenhouse

Whenever you want more control and maximize vegetable production it is a good idea to start with a greenhouse. It’s fairly easy to find one and on rainy days you can still work on your garden.

All year round

Another way to grow some fresh vegetables is to use a germinator/sprouter and get some germinating seeds like cress, bean sprouts or cereal germs. Also, herbs can generally be cultivated indoors all year long. Check out Cressinfo.com for a site dedicated to garden cress.

Where to buy seeds online

Amazon.comShippingFreeDelivery 
ParkSeed.com$ 4.95 5 to 7 daysHodges, SC
 Add $11.95 2-Day 
JohnnySeeds.com$4.00$ 200.01Vary 3 to 10 business daysMaine
TerritorialSeed.com$7.95 Ship next business dayCottage Grove, OR
 Add $10.95 3-Day Express delivery 
Gurneys.com$3.99VariousGreendale, IN
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